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NvidiaGeForce RTX 4090 Founders Edition评论。无与伦比的4K 100帧巨兽,比RTX 3090 Ti便宜400美元

一个爱(花边)的野兽,无以伦比。 RTX 4090是基于Nvidia新的AD102 Ada Lovelace架构的旗舰级GPU。虽然基本原理与Ampere相似,但Nvidia提供了放大的时钟和核心数量,新的Tensor和RT核心技术,以及高效的TSMC定制4N工艺,所有这些都旨在使RTX 4090在未来很长一段时间内成为无可争议的榜样。我们对RTX 4090进行了测试,看看你究竟能用1599美元获得多少马力。
Geforce GPU Gaming Desktop Workstation
NvidiaGeForce RTX 4090 Founders Edition。(图片来源:Nvidia)

第一个传言基于Ada Lovelace架构的新Nvidia GPU在2020年底传出时,所称的规格是非常惊人的。今天,RTX 4090已经 有了的肉体,其建议零售价为1599美元,与消费级GPU可能得到的印象一样深刻。

RTX 4090的AD102 GPU拥有16,384个CUDA核心,512个第四代Tensor核心和128个第三代RT核心。这是从完整的AD102芯片中削减的,它有18,432个CUDA核心,568个Tensor核心和142个RT核心。因此,不言而喻,我们很快就可以期待未来几个月的 "RTX 4090 Ti "的出现。

一个Ada图形处理集群(GPC)包括一个光栅引擎,六个纹理处理器集群(TPC),12个流媒体多处理器(SM)和16个光栅操作管道(ROP)。

每个SM依次具有128个CUDA内核、一个RT内核、四个Tensor内核、四个纹理单元、一个256KB寄存器和128KB的可配置L1缓存。

RTX 4090 AD102 GPU框图。(图片来源:Nvidia)
RTX 4090 AD102 GPU框图。(图片来源:Nvidia)
Ada SM的结构。(来源:Nvidia)
Ada SM的结构。(来源:Nvidia)

在这篇评论中,我们好好看看Ada旗舰,NvidiaGeForce RTX 4090 Founders Edition,看看新架构比Ampere和AMD RDNA 2旗舰的性能提升了多少基因。

RTX 4090与其他Nvidia GPU的比较

规格 RTX 4090 FE RTX 3090 Ti FE RTX 3090 FE RTX 3080 Ti FE RTX 3080 FE RTX 3070 FE RTX 3060 Ti FE Titan RTX Titan X Pascal
芯片 AD102 GA102 GA102 GA102 GA102 GA104 GA104 TU102 GP102
FinFET工艺 定制4N 8纳米 8纳米 8纳米 8纳米 8纳米 8纳米 12纳米 16纳米
CUDA核心 16,384 10,752 10,496 10,240 8,704 5,888 4,864 4,608 3,584
纹理单位 512 336 328 320 272 184 152 288 224
张量核心 512 第四代 336 第三代 328 第三代 320 第三代 272 第三代 184 第三代 152 第三代 576 第二代 -
RT核心 128 第三代 84 第二代 82 第二代 80 第二代 68 第二代 46 第二代 38 第二代 72 -
GPU基础时钟 2,235 MHz 1,560 MHz 1,395 MHz 1,365 MHz 1,440 MHz 1,500 MHz 1,410 MHz 1,350 MHz 1,417 MHz
GPU提升时钟 2,520 MHz 1,860 MHz 1,695 MHz 1,665 MHz 1,710 MHz 1,750 MHz 1,665 MHz 1,770 MHz 1,531 MHz
内存总线 384位 384位 384位 384位 320位 256位 256位 384位 384位
内存带宽 1,008 GB/s 1,008 GB/s 936 GB/s 912 GB/s 760 GB/s 448 GB/s 448 GB/s 672 GB/s 480.4 GB/s
视频存储器 24 GB GDDR6X 24 GB GDDR6X 24 GB GDDR6X 12 GB GDDR6X 10 GB GDDR6X 8 GB GDDR6 8 GB GDDR6 24 GB GDDR6 12 GB GDDR5X
功耗 450 W 450 W 350 W 350 W 320 W 220 W 200 W 280 W 250 W

仔细观察NvidiaGeForce RTX 4090 创始者版

带有AD102 GPU的RTX 4090 FE参考PCB。(图片: Nvidia)
带有AD102 GPU的RTX 4090 FE参考PCB。(图片: Nvidia)

尽管它不是一个完整的芯片,但目前RTX 4090中的AD102芯片挤满了763亿个晶体管--与RTX 3090 Ti相比,晶体管数量增加了近170%。 RTX 3090 Ti- 同时设法使芯片缩小3%,达到608.5平方毫米。AD102实际上是基于台积电的N5工艺,但Nvidia将其命名为 "4N",表示自己的定制。

Nvidia RTX 4090 创始者版

从外观上看,RTX 4090 FE第一眼看上去很庞大,但测量结果表明它或多或少与 RTX 3090 FE.4090 FE的厚度增加了(61毫米,RTX 3090 FE为57毫米),而RTX 3090 FE实际上更长,为313毫米,而4090 FE的长度为304毫米。

RTX 4090 FE装在Corsair iCUE 4000X机箱中
RTX 4090 FE装在Corsair iCUE 4000X机箱中

RTX 4090 FE比E-ATX主板略长,将占用三个PCIe插槽的空间,所以你在购买时必须考虑到这一点。 我们建议在卡和前机箱风扇之间有足够的间隙,以获得最佳的机箱气流。

除了测量之外,与我们已经看到的RTX 3090 FE相比,没有太多的审美差异。设计很简单,不显眼,但功能非常强大。

散热子系统的外观和功能也与上一代产品一样熟悉--一个风扇从底部吸气,而另一个则从显卡上吸走这些空气,并将其推到另一端,通常是向机箱顶部推送。这意味着,如果你按惯例放置显卡,散热器风扇或 "拉动 "排气风扇最好位于机箱顶部,以防止潜在的热量积聚。

RTX 4090 FE端口。3x DisplayPort 1.4a-out, 1x HDMI 2.1a-out
RTX 4090 FE端口。3x DisplayPort 1.4a-out, 1x HDMI 2.1a-out

连接选项与我们之前看到的安培卡相同,但之前提供给RTX 3090和RTX 3090 Ti板的NVLink连接器现在已经被砍掉了。有三个DisplayPort 1.4a出口和一个HDMI 2.1a端口。

Nvidia认为,市场对DisplayPort 2.1的需求还不成熟,而即将推出的 AMD Radeon RX 7900 XTRX 7900 XTXRDNA 3卡已经吹嘘拥有DisplayPort 2.1和UHBR 13.5支持。

图灵卡在当年提供了USB Type-C支持,但Nvidia用Ampere删除了这个端口。虽然不是一个真正的破坏者,但另一方面,AMD即将推出的RDNA 3卡将提供USB Type-C,用于直接连接VR头盔和USB-C显示器。

Nvidia首次在RTX 3090 Ti中引入了PCIe Gen 5电源连接器,并强制要求即使在附加板(AiB)合作伙伴的模型上也要包含它。今年,被称为12VHPWR适配器的PCIe第5代连接器招致了,因为越来越多的熔化报告而受到很多抨击。因为越来越多的熔化报告。

经过几轮的基准测试和压力测试,现在已经成名的12VHPWR适配器
经过几轮的基准测试和压力测试,现在已经成名的12VHPWR适配器

早期采用者和潜在购买者都对融化的电源连接器在负载下可拉动600瓦的危害感到忧虑。

Nvidia已经,现在确认它正在积极调查这个问题,并说如果连接器没有安全地插入,就会出现这个问题。尽管如此,该公司表示,它将支持所有受影响的客户,并加快RMA程序。

我们手头没有ATX 3 PSU或修改过的电缆,所以我们不得不用提供的12VHPWR 16针到4x 8针的适配器来做。

幸运的是,在我们的评测样本中,即使经过许多小时的连续游戏、压力测试和超频,连接器似乎仍然完好无损。

至少需要三个8针的电源连接器,以便卡能够启动
至少需要三个8针的电源连接器,以便卡能够启动

如果你满足于在450W下运行RTX 4090,从技术上讲,你可以只用3个8针连接到你的PSU。如果你打算超频或增加该卡的功率目标,你只需要第四个8针。

12VHPWR中的感应针脚有助于告诉GPU有多少个8针连接,以便相应地调整功率。任何少于三个8针的连接,显卡都不会启动。

RTX 4090 FE的基本时钟为2,235 MHz,在默认的功率和电压配置文件中可以提升到2,520 MHz。可以将功率目标再增加33%,达到600W。

测试台。酷睿i9-13900K遇上RTX 4090 FE

为了使RTX 4090能够充分施展其肌肉,你将需要一个现代的CPU,如AMD Zen 4或英特尔Alder Lake/Raptor Lake处理器--即AMD Ryzen 9 7900X/7950X或英特尔酷睿i9-13900K都是RTX 4090值得信赖的伙伴。

Ryzen 7 5800X3D也可以是一个很好的选择,如果你想暂时坚持使用AM4平台。然而,其他AM4 CPU,包括 Ryzen 9 5950X,可以严重制约RTX 4090,特别是在低于QHD的分辨率下。

在我们对Ryzen 9 5950X的初步测试中,我们发现RTX 4090在1080p的性能是如此的瓶颈,以至于在各种设置下这个分辨率的一些分数往往与RTX 3090 Ti没有什么区别。因此,目前的审查依赖于Core i9-13900K平台。

在我们的构建中使用了以下组件。

  • Cooler Master MasterFrame 700测试台
  • 英特尔酷睿i9-13900K
  • Gigabyte Z790 Aorus Master主板
  • 用于测试和游戏的技嘉Aorus 4代2TB NVMe固态硬盘
  • 2个16GB金士顿Fury Beast DDR5-6000内存,定时36-38-38-80,电压1.35V
  • Gigabyte M28U 4K 144 Hz显示器
  • Cooler Master MasterLiquid ML360L V2 ARGB AIO 散热器
  • Cooler Master MVE Gold 1250 V2全模块化PSU

我们使用了带有最新补丁的Windows 11 22H2系统和Game Ready驱动526.47版本。

我们要感谢Cooler Master提供的测试台、AIO和PSU,Gigabyte提供的Core i9-13900K、Z790主板、M28U显示器和NVMe SSD,以及AMD提供的Kingston DDR5内存。

合成基准测试。RTX 4090的大满贯

将所有的合成基准测试结合在一起,我们发现RTX 4090 FE比RTX 3090 Ti大幅领先51%,比RTX 3090 FE领先58%,也比Radeon RX 6950 XT领先。

在合成3DMark图形测试中,Radeon RX 6950 XT确实比RTX 3090 Ti具有可感知的优势。新的RDNA 3卡在下个月上市后的表现还有待观察,但RTX 4090 FE目前已经能够为自己取得足够大的领先优势。有趣的是,在Fire Strike Graphics中,RX 6950 XT仅比4090 FE落后9%,而在其他测试中,如Time Spy Graphics,它的落后幅度高达40%。

Unigine测试显示,Nvidia卡总体上处于领先地位,尤其是RTX 4090 FE。与RTX 3090 Ti相比,我们在Heaven 4.0测试和Valley 1.0 OpenGL测试中都能看到50%以上的改进。

叠加,特别是在更高的分辨率下,显示RTX 4090 FE完全摧毁了RX 6950 XT,高达93%,同时也显示出比RTX 3090 Ti领先多达79%。

Performance Rating - Percent
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
100 pt
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
66.2 pt
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
63.2 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
62.7 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
 
61.6 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
 
61.4 pt
Average of class Desktop
 
58.3 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
56.3 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
53.1 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
 
51.4 pt
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
 
48 pt
3DMark 11 - 1280x720 Performance GPU
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
99834 Points
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
70480 Points -29%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
69481 Points -30%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (59799 - 62189, n=4)
60987 Points -39%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (55144 - 66934, n=17)
60853 Points -39%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
59972 Points -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
59119 Points -41%
Average of class Desktop
  (650 - 104464, n=27, last 2 years)
57989 Points -42%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (47287 - 57662, n=4)
53094 Points -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
52046 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (43461 - 51863, n=30)
49062 Points -51%
3DMark
1920x1080 Fire Strike Graphics
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
65879 Points
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
60092 Points -9%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
53110 Points -19%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
50587 Points -23%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
49735 Points -25%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
47241 Points -28%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (45785 - 48709, n=4)
47180 Points -28%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (41298 - 49282, n=17)
46856 Points -29%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (37604 - 40910, n=2)
39257 Points -40%
Average of class Desktop
  (523 - 70246, n=25, last 2 years)
36888 Points -44%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (33377 - 40910, n=30)
36062 Points -45%
3840x2160 Fire Strike Ultra Graphics
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
24276 Points
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
14978 Points -38%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
14026 Points -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
13370 Points -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
12626 Points -48%
Average of class Desktop
  (969 - 24650, n=17, last 2 years)
12539 Points -48%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
12301 Points -49%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (11613 - 12587, n=14)
12289 Points -49%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (12050 - 12341, n=4)
12173 Points -50%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (10645 - 10793, n=2)
10719 Points -56%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (8461 - 10793, n=29)
8868 Points -63%
Fire Strike Extreme Graphics
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
44295 Points
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
29704 Points -33%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
26797 Points -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
26650 Points -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
25015 Points -44%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
23839 Points -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (22075 - 24730, n=14)
23806 Points -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (23127 - 24250, n=4)
23668 Points -47%
Average of class Desktop
  (1053 - 44549, n=18, last 2 years)
23056 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (20007 - 20861, n=2)
20434 Points -54%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (16484 - 20861, n=29)
17649 Points -60%
2560x1440 Time Spy Graphics
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
36101 Points
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
21719 Points -40%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
21645 Points -40%
Average of class Desktop
  (178 - 37589, n=25, last 2 years)
20385 Points -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (18685 - 20433, n=17)
19266 Points -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (19041 - 19460, n=4)
19237 Points -47%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
19198 Points -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
18210 Points -50%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
17603 Points -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (17467 - 17604, n=2)
17536 Points -51%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (14216 - 15283, n=29)
14884 Points -59%
Unigine Heaven 4.0
Extreme Preset DX11
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
466 (11min - 1031max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
309.2 fps -34%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
308.5 (9.7min - 627.1max) fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (272 - 315, n=11)
300 fps -36%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (290 - 312, n=4)
300 fps -36%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
293.8 fps -37%
Average of class Desktop
  (9.5 - 472, n=16, last 2 years)
274 fps -41%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
259.5 (49.3min - 537.2max) fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
247.9 fps -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (233 - 253, n=2)
243 fps -48%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (207 - 248, n=12)
236 fps -49%
Extreme Preset OpenGL
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
443 (15min - 902max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
292.5 (11.4min - 577.9max) fps -34%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
277.9 fps -37%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (264 - 282, n=4)
274 fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (188.2 - 284, n=10)
270 fps -39%
Average of class Desktop
  (9.5 - 450, n=16, last 2 years)
261 fps -41%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (232 - 243, n=2)
238 fps -46%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (203 - 299, n=12)
223 fps -50%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
222.7 fps -50%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
206.5 (8.2min - 453.7max) fps -53%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
204 fps -54%
Unigine Valley 1.0
1920x1080 Extreme HD DirectX AA:x8
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
283 (80min - 527max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
245 fps -13%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (206 - 240, n=4)
228 fps -19%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (184.2 - 247, n=11)
225 fps -20%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
209.2 fps -26%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
201.7 (48.5min - 338.7max) fps -29%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
200.8 (53.4min - 359.1max) fps -29%
Average of class Desktop
  (5.9 - 292, n=16, last 2 years)
199.4 fps -30%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
190.6 fps -33%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (176.2 - 181.8, n=2)
179 fps -37%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (135 - 191.4, n=12)
173.3 fps -39%
1920x1080 Extreme HD Preset OpenGL AA:x8
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
315 (64min - 559max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
210.8 fps -33%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
208.4 (49.3min - 353max) fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (195.1 - 210, n=4)
204 fps -35%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (158.8 - 226, n=10)
203 fps -36%
Average of class Desktop
  (7.3 - 315, n=16, last 2 years)
188.8 fps -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
176.9 fps -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (163.8 - 172, n=2)
167.9 fps -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
167.4 (56.7min - 375.7max) fps -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
158.2 fps -50%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (139.2 - 181.2, n=12)
158.1 fps -50%
Unigine Superposition
1280x720 720p Low
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
55915 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
53341 Points -5%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (43163 - 50738, n=4)
47400 Points -15%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (33329 - 54879, n=10)
46049 Points -18%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
45444 Points -19%
Average of class Desktop
  (2704 - 56132, n=16, last 2 years)
43475 Points -22%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (25622 - 50876, n=9)
40891 Points -27%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
37023 Points -34%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
36452 Points -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
33955 Points -39%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (30851 - 32183, n=2)
31517 Points -44%
1920x1080 1080p High
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
47981 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
29422 Points -39%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
28478 Points -41%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
26393 Points -45%
Average of class Desktop
  (700 - 47981, n=15, last 2 years)
26228 Points -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (23626 - 27207, n=11)
26018 Points -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (24997 - 26711, n=4)
26008 Points -46%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
25029 Points -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
22265 Points -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (21333 - 21912, n=2)
21623 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (19460 - 20658, n=9)
20301 Points -58%
1920x1080 1080p Extreme
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
20729 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
13803 Points -33%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (11806 - 12694, n=11)
12209 Points -41%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (12038 - 12347, n=4)
12139 Points -41%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
12079 Points -42%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
12069 Points -42%
Average of class Desktop
  (286 - 21332, n=16, last 2 years)
11624 Points -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (10572 - 10822, n=2)
10697 Points -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
10683 Points -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
10046 Points -52%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (8916 - 9285, n=9)
9051 Points -56%
3840x2160 4k Optimized
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
32977 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
18426 Points -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
17725 Points -46%
Average of class Desktop
  (559 - 33488, n=15, last 2 years)
17361 Points -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (15794 - 16868, n=11)
16326 Points -50%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
16322 Points -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (16108 - 16412, n=4)
16199 Points -51%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
14955 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (13984 - 14243, n=2)
14114 Points -57%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
13471 Points -59%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (11937 - 12644, n=9)
12203 Points -63%
7680x4320 8k Optimized
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
12826 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
8213 Points -36%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (6969 - 7521, n=11)
7144 Points -44%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
7072 Points -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (6920 - 7161, n=4)
7070 Points -45%
Average of class Desktop
  (237 - 13008, n=15, last 2 years)
6743 Points -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
6645 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (6243 - 6346, n=2)
6295 Points -51%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
5764 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (5255 - 5571, n=9)
5393 Points -58%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
5256 Points -59%
3DMark 11 Performance
64966 points
3DMark Ice Storm Standard Score
300753 points
3DMark Cloud Gate Standard Score
85501 points
3DMark Fire Strike Score
47404 points
3DMark Fire Strike Extreme Score
37848 points
3DMark Time Spy Score
32177 points
Help

计算基准。图表上的性能

RTX 4090 FE的霸权在计算基准中也在继续。在ComputeMark中,我们发现Nvidia的Ada旗舰产品比RX 6950XT领先93%,比RTX 3090 Ti有66%的大幅提升。

然而,LuxMark提出了一个有趣的范式。虽然RTX 4090 FE在房间测试中领先RX 6950XT高达150%,但AMD卡在Sala中通常表现出更好的性能。

ComputeMark v2.1
1024x600 Normal, Score
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
86583 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
52258 Points -40%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
49118 Points -43%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (47377 - 48892, n=4)
48266 Points -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (44948 - 49118, n=9)
47804 Points -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
44959 Points -48%
Average of class Desktop
  (476 - 90920, n=17, last 2 years)
43827 Points -49%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
40857 Points -53%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (39924 - 41594, n=2)
40759 Points -53%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
38823 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (27907 - 29830, n=3)
28802 Points -67%
1024x600 Normal, Fluid 3DTex
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
10465 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
5764 Points -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
5515 Points -47%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
5479 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (5246 - 5520, n=10)
5448 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (5312 - 5422, n=4)
5368 Points -49%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
5154 Points -51%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
5154 Points -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (4417 - 4450, n=2)
4434 Points -58%
Average of class Desktop
  (86 - 10749, n=17, last 2 years)
4392 Points -58%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (3877 - 4027, n=3)
3955 Points -62%
1024x600 Normal, Fluid 2DTexArr
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
6567 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
4886 Points -26%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
4548 Points -31%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (4453 - 4546, n=4)
4498 Points -32%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (4344 - 4608, n=10)
4492 Points -32%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
4455 Points -32%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (4087 - 4159, n=2)
4123 Points -37%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
3947 Points -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
3924 Points -40%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (3691 - 3828, n=3)
3757 Points -43%
Average of class Desktop
  (60 - 6800, n=17, last 2 years)
3608 Points -45%
1024x600 Normal, Mandel Vector
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
16199 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
10652 Points -34%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
9836 Points -39%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (9513 - 9860, n=4)
9730 Points -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
9555 Points -41%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (8038 - 10097, n=10)
9467 Points -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
8690 Points -46%
Average of class Desktop
  (97 - 16942, n=17, last 2 years)
8573 Points -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
8399 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (7148 - 7540, n=2)
7344 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (4944 - 5440, n=3)
5158 Points -68%
1024x600 Normal, Mandel Scalar
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
21571 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
12406 Points -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
11854 Points -45%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
11344 Points -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (11049 - 11318, n=4)
11196 Points -48%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (10650 - 11564, n=10)
11162 Points -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
10834 Points -50%
Average of class Desktop
  (75 - 22731, n=17, last 2 years)
10441 Points -52%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
10018 Points -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (9554 - 9938, n=2)
9746 Points -55%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (5977 - 6406, n=3)
6184 Points -71%
1024x600 Normal, QJuliaRayTrace
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
31780 Points
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
18550 Points -42%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
17911 Points -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (17050 - 17749, n=4)
17475 Points -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (16403 - 18223, n=10)
17454 Points -45%
Average of class Desktop
  (159 - 33698, n=17, last 2 years)
16813 Points -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (14718 - 15508, n=2)
15113 Points -52%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
13580 Points -57%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
12255 Points -61%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
11304 Points -64%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (9418 - 10129, n=3)
9748 Points -69%
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit
Room GPUs-only
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
12730 Samples/s
Average of class Desktop
  (81 - 12730, n=16, last 2 years)
6904 Samples/s -46%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
6221 Samples/s -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (5772 - 6464, n=4)
6138 Samples/s -52%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
5930 Samples/s -53%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (5727 - 5985, n=9)
5893 Samples/s -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (5112 - 5198, n=2)
5155 Samples/s -60%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
5097 Samples/s -60%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
5084 Samples/s -60%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
5057 Samples/s -60%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (4643 - 4703, n=2)
4673 Samples/s -63%
Sala GPUs-only
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
31954 Samples/s +15%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
31400 Samples/s +13%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
28023 Samples/s +1%
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
27828 Samples/s
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
16046 Samples/s -42%
Average of class Desktop
  (147 - 27828, n=16, last 2 years)
15706 Samples/s -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (14871 - 16438, n=4)
15612 Samples/s -44%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
15088 Samples/s -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (14590 - 15242, n=9)
14945 Samples/s -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (12797 - 12980, n=2)
12889 Samples/s -54%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (10799 - 10996, n=2)
10898 Samples/s -61%
V-Ray Benchmark Next 4.10 - GPU
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
1847 mpaths
Average of class Desktop
  (4 - 1880, n=21, last 2 years)
974 mpaths -47%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
902 mpaths -51%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
875 mpaths -53%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (781 - 877, n=17)
857 mpaths -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (854 - 855, n=3)
854 mpaths -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (636 - 643, n=2)
640 mpaths -65%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (386 - 439, n=16)
400 mpaths -78%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
157 mpaths -91%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
137 mpaths -93%
V-Ray 5 Benchmark
GPU CUDA
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
4224 mpaths
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
2195 mpaths -48%
Average of class Desktop
  (62 - 4322, n=21, last 2 years)
2158 mpaths -49%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
2106 mpaths -50%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (2045 - 2070, n=3)
2057 mpaths -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (1616 - 2131, n=15)
2022 mpaths -52%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (668 - 1052, n=7)
910 mpaths -78%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
383 mpaths -91%
GPU RTX
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
5935 mpaths
Average of class Desktop
  (1478 - 6019, n=16, last 2 years)
3779 mpaths -36%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
2913 mpaths -51%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
2880 mpaths -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (2551 - 2979, n=15)
2821 mpaths -52%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (2727 - 2883, n=3)
2784 mpaths -53%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (1246 - 1348, n=7)
1299 mpaths -78%
Blender
v3.3 Classroom CUDA
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  ()
31 Seconds *
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (21 - 22, n=2)
21.5 Seconds *
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (20 - 22, n=12)
21.4 Seconds *
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
21 Seconds *
Average of class Desktop
  (10 - 23, n=15, last 2 years)
16.2 Seconds *
v3.3 Classroom OPTIX/RTX
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  ()
21 Seconds * -163%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (14 - 15, n=2)
14.5 Seconds * -81%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (13 - 14, n=12)
13.3 Seconds * -66%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
13 Seconds * -63%
Average of class Desktop
  (7 - 15, n=17, last 2 years)
10.6 Seconds * -33%
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
8 Seconds *

* ... smaller is better

专业应用。强大的硬件受制于驱动程序

RTX 4090能够在专业应用程序中提供明显优于其他最后一代消费级GPU的性能,这完全是由于其粗暴的硬件能力。说到底,它仍然是一块GeForce ,所以在这些应用中的性能受到了驱动程序的人为限制。

基于GA102的RTX A6000在SPECviewperf测试中获得了109%的收益,这完全是由于驱动程序的优化。正是由于同样的原因,即使是基于图灵的移动 Quadro RTX 5000也能够在Solidworks和Siemens NX中提供更好的性能,尽管它们在3Ds Max和Maya等工作负载中落后。

Nvidia允许改变VRAM的ECC状态,即使是普通的Game Ready驱动程序。这个选项对游戏玩家没有用处,因为它可以降低内存速度。然而,对于运行长时间模拟的专业人士来说,它可以利用RTX 4090的大量VRAM,但不想为Quadros掏出大量的现金。

Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
i9-13900K
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
R7 5800X3D
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
R9 5900X
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
R9 5950X
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
R9 5950X
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
i9-13900K
4x NVIDIA RTX A6000
TR Pro 3975WX
NVIDIA RTX A6000
TR Pro 3975WX
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
 
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
 
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
 
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
 
Average NVIDIA RTX A5000 Laptop GPU
 
Average NVIDIA Quadro RTX 5000 (Laptop)
 
Average of class Desktop
 
SPECviewperf 12
-43%
-20%
-16%
-27%
-34%
96%
109%
-38%
-56%
-34%
65%
27%
24%
-26%
1900x1060 Solidworks (sw-03)
119
85.7
-28%
157
32%
167
40%
150
26%
106
-11%
208
75%
225
89%
96.7 ?(71.4 - 111, n=11)
-19%
68.6 ?(66 - 71.1, n=2)
-42%
103.7 ?(100 - 106, n=3)
-13%
163.9 ?(114.8 - 207, n=28)
38%
168.2 ?()
41%
156.7 ?(120 - 230, n=3)
32%
1900x1060 Siemens NX (snx-02)
28.8
15.6
-46%
49.4
72%
47.7
66%
45.07
56%
17.1
-41%
333
1056%
351
1119%
16.1 ?(13 - 18.5, n=11)
-44%
13.1 ?(12.9 - 13.3, n=2)
-55%
16.7 ?(16.5 - 17.1, n=3)
-42%
262 ?(228 - 297, n=28)
810%
167.3 ?()
481%
184 ?(145 - 258, n=3)
539%
1900x1060 Showcase (showcase-01)
410
265
-35%
308
-25%
241
-41%
223
-46%
263
-36%
237
-42%
255
-38%
257 ?(236 - 269, n=11)
-37%
256 ?(252 - 264, n=3)
-38%
193.6 ?(185.7 - 203, n=28)
-53%
110.3 ?()
-73%
104.3 ?(93 - 126.4, n=3)
-75%
1900x1060 Medical (medical-01)
288
87.1
-70%
58.3
-80%
88.4
-69%
77.3
-73%
90
-69%
156
-46%
159
-45%
43.9 ?(36.9 - 50.8, n=2)
-85%
124.8 ?(89.4 - 143, n=3)
-57%
93.4 ?(83.9 - 124, n=28)
-68%
69.8 ?()
-76%
109.3 ?()
-62%
1900x1060 Maya (maya-04)
324
197
-39%
90.7
-72%
151
-53%
118
-64%
306
-6%
147
-55%
144
-56%
268 ?(170 - 322, n=11)
-17%
165.3 ?(146 - 184.6, n=2)
-49%
294 ?(283 - 302, n=3)
-9%
182.2 ?(110.9 - 260, n=28)
-44%
113.8 ?()
-65%
121.4 ?(90.2 - 179, n=3)
-63%
1900x1060 Energy (energy-01)
82.6
27.6
-67%
23
-72%
30.8
-63%
28.39
-66%
26
-69%
39.3
-52%
39.8
-52%
25.2 ?(20.4 - 27.7, n=11)
-69%
17.4 ?(16.4 - 18.5, n=2)
-79%
26.7 ?(24.9 - 27.6, n=3)
-68%
28.6 ?(27.8 - 30.6, n=28)
-65%
16.9 ?()
-80%
26 ?()
-69%
1900x1060 Creo (creo-01)
122
76.4
-37%
115
-6%
127
4%
119
-2%
101
-17%
127
4%
136
11%
89.9 ?(69.4 - 103, n=11)
-26%
69.9 ?(65.6 - 74.2, n=2)
-43%
96.3 ?(94.3 - 100, n=3)
-21%
152.1 ?(106.3 - 202, n=28)
25%
151.3 ?()
24%
144.4 ?(127 - 172.1, n=3)
18%
1900x1060 Catia (catia-04)
274
150
-45%
199
-27%
292
7%
238
-13%
177
-35%
208
-24%
229
-16%
161.4 ?(127 - 182, n=11)
-41%
121.1 ?(116 - 126.1, n=2)
-56%
172 ?(167 - 178, n=3)
-37%
177.3 ?()
-35%
159 ?(125 - 220, n=3)
-42%
1900x1060 3ds Max (3dsmax-05)
473
371
-22%
484
2%
318
-33%
167
-65%
369
-22%
245
-48%
336
-29%
364 ?(320 - 389, n=11)
-23%
276 ?(276 - 276, n=2)
-42%
373 ?(363 - 385, n=3)
-21%
283 ?(243 - 315, n=28)
-40%
193.9 ?(172 - 236, n=3)
-59%
SPECviewperf 13
-40%
-10%
-17%
-24%
-36%
98%
110%
-41%
-52%
-37%
57%
9%
8%
-27%
Solidworks (sw-04)
190
118
-38%
210
11%
214
13%
193
2%
154
-19%
191
1%
192
1%
136.3 ?(82.9 - 160, n=11)
-28%
94.5 ?(92.4 - 96.5, n=2)
-50%
150.7 ?(146 - 153, n=3)
-21%
167.9 ?(112.8 - 229, n=28)
-12%
151.3 ?(144.9 - 157.7, n=2)
-20%
144.1 ?(118.6 - 204, n=4)
-24%
Siemens NX (snx-03)
51.4
28
-46%
89.7
75%
85.8
67%
81.4
58%
30.7
-40%
604
1075%
638
1141%
28.1 ?(15.6 - 33.3, n=11)
-45%
23.7 ?(23.2 - 24.3, n=2)
-54%
30.1 ?(29.6 - 30.8, n=3)
-41%
474 ?(411 - 535, n=28)
822%
298 ?(276 - 319, n=2)
480%
307 ?(226 - 465, n=4)
497%
Showcase (showcase-02)
412
265
-36%
312
-24%
241
-42%
232
-44%
262
-36%
239
-42%
255
-38%
246 ?(114 - 268, n=11)
-40%
204 ?()
-50%
257 ?(252 - 264, n=3)
-38%
192.6 ?(184.3 - 199, n=28)
-53%
117.9 ?(103.8 - 131.9, n=2)
-71%
104.7 ?(92.4 - 127.1, n=4)
-75%
Medical (medical-02)
182
113
-38%
157
-14%
148
-19%
130
-29%
107
-41%
180
-1%
184
1%
100.6 ?(49.3 - 109, n=11)
-45%
95.4 ?(91.8 - 99, n=2)
-48%
106.3 ?(106 - 107, n=3)
-42%
90.3 ?(86.8 - 93.7, n=28)
-50%
114.3 ?(109.4 - 119.1, n=2)
-37%
116.1 ?(98.8 - 133.4, n=2)
-36%
Maya (maya-05)
838
493
-41%
372
-56%
395
-53%
348
-58%
580
-31%
405
-52%
415
-50%
522 ?(253 - 595, n=11)
-38%
400 ?(360 - 440, n=2)
-52%
574 ?(567 - 586, n=3)
-32%
422 ?(292 - 530, n=28)
-50%
235 ?(220 - 250, n=2)
-72%
Energy (energy-02)
119
48.4
-59%
60.3
-49%
60.6
-49%
58.4
-51%
45.1
-62%
128
8%
132
11%
42.8 ?(26.6 - 45.2, n=11)
-64%
41.4 ?(35.8 - 44.2, n=3)
-65%
52.7 ?(51.8 - 53.9, n=28)
-56%
63.8 ?(53.2 - 74.3, n=2)
-46%
51.7 ?(46.1 - 57.3, n=2)
-57%
Creo (creo-02)
580
353
-39%
323
-44%
292
-50%
276
-52%
397
-32%
292
-50%
366
-37%
366 ?(176 - 417, n=11)
-37%
288 ?(281 - 295, n=2)
-50%
398 ?(389 - 403, n=3)
-31%
342 ?(266 - 394, n=28)
-41%
233 ?(214 - 252, n=2)
-60%
Catia (catia-05)
406
230
-43%
450
11%
468
15%
412
1%
252
-38%
359
-12%
371
-9%
232 ?(111 - 260, n=11)
-43%
190.2 ?(190 - 190.4, n=2)
-53%
251 ?(241 - 258, n=3)
-38%
262 ?(243 - 281, n=2)
-35%
3ds Max (3dsmax-06)
474
373
-21%
483
2%
317
-33%
284
-40%
369
-22%
247
-48%
338
-29%
348 ?(180 - 387, n=11)
-27%
266 ?(238 - 294, n=2)
-44%
372 ?(364 - 382, n=3)
-22%
282 ?(243 - 321, n=28)
-41%
187.5 ?(168.7 - 232, n=4)
-60%
SPECviewperf 2020
-40%
-21%
-30%
-28%
-24%
57%
104%
-35%
-46%
-32%
64%
-6%
-23%
3840x2160 Solidworks (solidworks-05)
305
197
-35%
125
-59%
112
-63%
108
-65%
192
-37%
141
-54%
169
-45%
178 ?(93.1 - 194, n=8)
-42%
158 ?()
-48%
184 ?()
-40%
171.2 ?(153 - 336, n=12)
-44%
82.6 ?(72.8 - 92.5, n=3)
-73%
3840x2160 Siemens NX (snx-04)
44
23.7
-46%
88.6
101%
85
93%
81.7
86%
25.6
-42%
367
734%
481
993%
23.7 ?(13.2 - 27, n=10)
-46%
19.8 ?()
-55%
25.2 ?(24.7 - 25.9, n=3)
-43%
372 ?(337 - 454, n=12)
745%
152.3 ?(133.4 - 172.2, n=3)
246%
3840x2160 Medical (medical-03)
39.3
22.2
-44%
34.4
-12%
30.4
-23%
27.84
-29%
20.3
-48%
32.1
-18%
37.9
-4%
19.8 ?(9.95 - 23, n=10)
-50%
18.5 ?()
-53%
21.8 ?(19.8 - 22.9, n=3)
-45%
18.7 ?(16.3 - 41.1, n=12)
-52%
22.8 ?(21.4 - 23.6, n=3)
-42%
3840x2160 Maya (maya-06)
508
353
-31%
296
-42%
266
-48%
224
-56%
356
-30%
262
-48%
329
-35%
339 ?(181 - 369, n=10)
-33%
293 ?()
-42%
356 ?(351 - 366, n=3)
-30%
277 ?(247 - 445, n=12)
-45%
127.7 ?(119.2 - 134.5, n=3)
-75%
3840x2160 Energy (energy-03)
65.3
31.6
-52%
47.6
-27%
32.6
-50%
60.8
-7%
101
55%
46.1
-29%
63
-4%
51.7 ?()
-21%
49.5 ?(37.7 - 93.9, n=12)
-24%
3840x2160 Creo (creo-03)
142
84.5
-40%
73.1
-49%
65.4
-54%
65
-54%
118
-17%
75.6
-47%
111
-22%
107.1 ?(68.1 - 122, n=10)
-25%
77.6 ?()
-45%
113 ?(108 - 117, n=3)
-20%
127.5 ?(109 - 163, n=12)
-10%
93.3 ?(88.6 - 101.6, n=3)
-34%
3840x2160 CATIA (catia-06)
95.6
58.6
-39%
53
-45%
44.6
-53%
42.4
-56%
60.4
-37%
67.5
-29%
82.4
-14%
56.8 ?(32.3 - 61.3, n=10)
-41%
50 ?()
-48%
59.6 ?(58.4 - 60.4, n=3)
-38%
83.6 ?(73.8 - 122, n=12)
-13%
58.4 ?(53 - 64.2, n=3)
-39%
3840x2160 3ds Max (3dsmax-07)
213
145
-32%
144
-32%
121
-43%
114
-46%
143
-33%
95.7
-55%
137
-36%
134.3 ?(70.2 - 143, n=10)
-37%
100 ?()
-53%
139.3 ?(139 - 140, n=3)
-35%
119.5 ?(108 - 169, n=12)
-44%
83.9 ?(77 - 87.8, n=3)
-61%
Total Average (Program / Settings)
-41% / -41%
-17% / -17%
-21% / -21%
-26% / -26%
-31% / -31%
84% / 85%
108% / 108%
-38% / -38%
-51% / -52%
-34% / -34%
62% / 62%
10% / 10%
16% / 16%
-25% / -25%

游戏基准测试。超强的光栅和RT性能

与RTX 3090 Ti或RX 6950 XT相比,希望购买RTX 4090的玩家一般会对所提供的光栅性能提升感到满意。确切的收益将取决于游戏本身,而且有可能不是所有的游戏都会随着着色器数量的增加而线性地扩展。你也可能遇到最大帧数的上限,这取决于游戏引擎。

总体而言,RTX 4090比RTX 3090 Ti、RX 6950 XT和RTX 3090平均速度分别快39%、59%和63%。

Performance Rating - Percent
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
100 pt
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
71.7 pt
Average of class Desktop
 
69.5 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
63 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
 
62.3 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
 
61.8 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
54.8 pt
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
 
53.3 pt
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
50.8 pt
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
 
45.2 pt
The Witcher 3
3840x2160 High Graphics & Postprocessing (Nvidia HairWorks Off)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
274 (243min, 244.12P1 - 313max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (71.6 - 282, n=19, last 2 years)
175.5 fps -36%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
172.9 (152min, 152.57P1 - 188max) fps -37%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (149 - 156.8, n=4)
152.4 fps -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (128 - 160.2, n=13)
151.8 fps -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
139.7 (10.4min, 105.6P0.1, 118.6P1 - 388max) fps -49%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
122 (105min, 105P1 - 134max) fps -55%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (114 - 115, n=2)
114.5 fps -58%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
110 (97min - 117max) fps -60%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (94 - 107.1, n=28)
102.4 fps -63%
1920x1080 Ultra Graphics & Postprocessing (HBAO+)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
297 (271min, 271P1 - 345max) fps
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
205 (10.2min, 109.8P0.1, 161.2P1 - 334max) fps -31%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti (110% PT)
196.3 (192min, 193P1 - 200max) fps -34%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti (100% PT)
193.4 (173min, 173.56P1 - 221max) fps -35%
Average of class Desktop
  (3.9 - 314, n=23, last 2 years)
193.5 fps -35%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (160 - 192.6, n=17)
180.3 fps -39%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (174 - 184.6, n=4)
180.2 fps -39%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
163.6 (139min - 179max) fps -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
160 (138min - 179max) fps -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (145 - 152, n=2)
148.5 fps -50%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (124 - 150, n=28)
137.7 fps -54%
Metro Exodus
3840x2160 Ultra Quality AF:16x
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
135 (72.48min - 235.85max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (37.6 - 138.5, n=19, last 2 years)
89.9 fps -33%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
84.3 (52.3min - 132.19max) fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (74.2 - 77.1, n=4)
75.7 fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
75 (50.07min - 98.87max) fps -44%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (70.6 - 77.3, n=12)
75 fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
66.7 (42.71min - 92.25max) fps -51%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (64.1 - 65.9, n=2)
65 fps -52%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
56.3 (40.14min - 64.28max) fps -58%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (51.3 - 57.9, n=27)
54.9 fps -59%
2560x1440 Ultra Quality AF:16x
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
176 (81.25min - 295.51max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (59.9 - 181.3, n=19, last 2 years)
129.2 fps -27%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
125.3 (64.48min - 207.3max) fps -29%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
115.5 (70.52min - 164.02max) fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (110 - 118, n=4)
114 fps -35%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (102 - 118.2, n=12)
113.2 fps -36%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
102 (59.52min - 156.84max) fps -42%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (92.2 - 97.4, n=2)
94.8 fps -46%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
94.6 (55.44min - 143.68max) fps -46%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (69 - 92.9, n=26)
84 fps -52%
1920x1080 Ultra Quality AF:16x
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
191.2 (84.99min - 313.09max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
145.9 (68.14min - 232.99max) fps -24%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
140 (81.08min - 211.37max) fps -27%
Average of class Desktop
  (5.22 - 194.7, n=21, last 2 years)
136.4 fps -29%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (131 - 144.2, n=5)
135.4 fps -29%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (108 - 145, n=12)
135.3 fps -29%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
123 (67.67min - 199.52max) fps -36%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
115 (64.52min - 181.92max) fps -40%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (111 - 116, n=2)
113.5 fps -41%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (73 - 116, n=27)
102.2 fps -47%
Control
3840x2160 High Quality Preset (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
107.7 (83.4min, 85.3P0.1, 91.1P1 - 134.9max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
73.9 (46.2min, 53.2P0.1, 62.6P1 - 167max) fps -31%
Average of class Desktop
  (30.3 - 114.4, n=12, last 2 years)
68.3 fps -37%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
64.8 (33.1min, 33.6P0.1, 36.3P1 - 255max) fps -40%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (63.9 - 64.9, n=3)
64.3 fps -40%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (61.3 - 66, n=5)
62.9 fps -42%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (56.2 - 56.7, n=2)
56.5 fps -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
54.7 (39.8min, 41.7P0.1, 44.9P1 - 65.8max) fps -49%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
53.9 (36.6min, 41.7P0.1, 43.5P1 - 64.9max) fps -50%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
51.6 (46min - 58max) fps -52%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (45.2 - 47.3, n=3)
46.5 fps -57%
2560x1440 High Quality Preset (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
201 (84.1min, 146.6P0.1, 159P1 - 509max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
142.5 (51.8min, 81.9P0.1, 115.5P1 - 567max) fps -29%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
133.5 (73.5min, 75.3P0.1, 83.4P1 - 389max) fps -34%
Average of class Desktop
  (61 - 232, n=12, last 2 years)
133 fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (122 - 125.5, n=3)
123.8 fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (115.8 - 123.7, n=5)
120.4 fps -40%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
113 (71.5min, 73.2P0.1, 79.6P1 - 164max) fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
113 (68min, 71.3P0.1, 81.1P1 - 193max) fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
108 (93min - 123max) fps -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (105 - 106, n=2)
105.5 fps -48%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (89 - 93.6, n=3)
91.5 fps -54%
1920x1080 High Quality Preset (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
238 (14.4min, 62.9P0.1, 153.8P1 - 672max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
209 (55.6min, 119.8P0.1, 162.7P1 - 646max) fps -12%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
205 (45.2min, 129.1P0.1, 150.8P1 - 390max) fps -14%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (181 - 190.7, n=3)
186.2 fps -22%
Average of class Desktop
  (96.1 - 238, n=12, last 2 years)
184 fps -23%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (172.2 - 189.2, n=5)
179.9 fps -24%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
175 (56.8min, 96P0.1, 112P1 - 314max) fps -26%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
174 (54min, 99P0.1, 112P1 - 335max) fps -27%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
168 (145min - 194max) fps -29%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (151 - 155, n=2)
153 fps -36%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (135 - 141.9, n=3)
137.3 fps -42%
Borderlands 3
3840x2160 Badass Overall Quality (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
133.4 fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
83.8 fps -37%
Average of class Desktop
  (34.8 - 133.4, n=16, last 2 years)
83 fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (68 - 75.3, n=13)
72.8 fps -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (71.2 - 74, n=4)
72.8 fps -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (61.5 - 61.9, n=2)
61.7 fps -54%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
59.9 fps -55%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
59.8 fps -55%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
57.1 fps -57%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
53.6 fps -60%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (46 - 52.8, n=29)
47.3 fps -65%
2560x1440 Badass Overall Quality (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
190 fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
143.1 fps -25%
Average of class Desktop
  (35.1 - 190, n=17, last 2 years)
131.8 fps -31%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (114 - 130.2, n=4)
124.5 fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (105 - 131.6, n=13)
123.8 fps -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
110 fps -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
107 fps -44%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
105 fps -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (95.7 - 103, n=2)
99.4 fps -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
93.6 fps -51%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (74 - 93.1, n=29)
84.7 fps -55%
1920x1080 Badass Overall Quality (DX11)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
201 fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
173.3 fps -14%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (129 - 164.9, n=4)
151.5 fps -25%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (117 - 170.1, n=13)
150.7 fps -25%
Average of class Desktop
  (6.48 - 201, n=18, last 2 years)
148.4 fps -26%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
131 fps -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
130 fps -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
128.5 fps -36%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (117 - 128, n=2)
122.5 fps -39%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
120 fps -40%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (77.2 - 128.7, n=29)
112 fps -44%
Shadow of the Tomb Raider
3840x2160 Highest Preset AA:T
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
182 fps
Average of class Desktop
  (48 - 186, n=16, last 2 years)
110.8 fps -39%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
106 fps -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
97.4 fps -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (89.3 - 99.7, n=12)
96.4 fps -47%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (93 - 98.6, n=3)
95.1 fps -48%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
86 fps -53%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
84 fps -54%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (83.9 - 87.9, n=2)
85.9 fps -53%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
79.6 fps -56%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (59 - 71.1, n=24)
66.9 fps -63%
2560x1440 Highest Preset AA:T
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
282 fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
184 fps -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
184 fps -35%
Average of class Desktop
  (69 - 282, n=17, last 2 years)
183.6 fps -35%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (137 - 172.3, n=12)
165.6 fps -41%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (157 - 173.3, n=3)
164.8 fps -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
163 fps -42%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
155 fps -45%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (147 - 152, n=2)
149.5 fps -47%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
148 fps -48%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (98 - 128, n=23)
117.8 fps -58%
1920x1080 Highest Preset AA:T
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
306 fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
244 fps -20%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
227 fps -26%
Average of class Desktop
  (10.5 - 306, n=18, last 2 years)
218 fps -29%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (178 - 238, n=3)
209 fps -32%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (145 - 240, n=14)
204 fps -33%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
202 fps -34%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (SAM ENABLED)
199 fps -35%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
194 fps -37%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (177 - 185, n=2)
181 fps -41%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (106 - 178.8, n=24)
149.5 fps -51%
Mafia Definitive Edition
3840x2160 High Preset
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
160.2 (42.5min, 66.5P0.1, 122.8P1 - 370max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (72.3 - 160.2, n=9, last 2 years)
101.1 fps -37%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
99.2 (29.7min, 56P0.1, 77.1P1 - 331max) fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (84.5 - 89.1, n=2)
86.8 fps -46%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  ()
86.6 fps -46%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
80.4 (44.2min, 56.8P0.1, 70.5P1 - 154.4max) fps -50%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (78.1 - 78.2, n=2)
78.2 fps -51%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
67 (32.3min, 41.7P0.1, 44.7P1 - 211max) fps -58%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  ()
63.4 fps -60%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
62.6 (28min, 37.6P0.1, 49.2P1 - 87.3max) fps -61%
2560x1440 High Preset
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
238 (71.6min, 84.3P0.1, 162.7P1 - 422max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (141.1 - 238, n=9, last 2 years)
183 fps -23%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
173.9 (73.1min, 101.4P0.1, 134.6P1 - 324max) fps -27%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
156.2 (30min, 87.3P0.1, 114P1 - 260max) fps -34%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (142.3 - 149, n=2)
145.7 fps -39%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  ()
142 fps -40%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (127 - 137, n=2)
132 fps -45%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
120 (17.6min, 61.2P0.1, 83.1P1 - 238max) fps -50%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
112 (23.5min, 64P0.1, 80.8P1 - 169max) fps -53%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  ()
109 fps -54%
1920x1080 High Preset
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
255 (80.7min, 89.2P0.1, 169.4P1 - 479max) fps
Average of class Desktop
  (207 - 260, n=9, last 2 years)
233 fps -9%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
231 (84.7min, 116.2P0.1, 160.4P1 - 402max) fps -9%
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT
175.5 (38.6min, 86.6P0.1, 117.6P1 - 349max) fps -31%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  ()
163 fps -36%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (157 - 158.8, n=2)
157.9 fps -38%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (144 - 169, n=2)
156.5 fps -39%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
138 (32.8min, 68.1P0.1, 90.2P1 - 334max) fps -46%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  ()
123.7 fps -51%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
121 (23.7min, 68P0.1, 83.3P1 - 223max) fps -53%

光线追踪性能

新的Ada架构带来了128个第三代RT核心,这比Ampere的RT核心数量增加了52%。Ada的RT核的根本变化是增加了两个新的功能--不透明微图引擎和位移微网格引擎--此外还有原来属于Ampere的盒式交叉引擎和三角形交叉引擎。

Ada的RT内核还具有一个新的着色器执行排序(SER)调度系统,可以有效地重新安排二次射线的线程,以实现路径追踪、反射、间接照明和半透明等效果。然而,开发人员必须通过API专门利用SER才能看到其好处。

箱体交叉引擎(由图中左边的箱体呈现)执行边界体积层次(BVH)遍历,而三角形交叉引擎计算射线-三角形交叉测试。

Nvidia表示,Ada的RT核心可以对复杂的几何体进行光线追踪,这要归功于生成微三角网格的位移微网格引擎和不透明微地图引擎带来的加速alpha遍历。

安培第二代RT核心。(来源:Nvidia)
安培第二代RT核心。(来源:Nvidia)
阿达第三代RT核心。(来源:Nvidia)
阿达第三代RT核心。(来源:Nvidia)

虽然看到Nvidia投资于推进RT渲染技术是件好事,但现实世界的结果可能并不总是代表性能的一代飞跃。例如,Metro Exodus(不是增强版)显示,在游戏的Taiga基准测试中,RTX 4090与RTX 3090 Ti相比只有5%的收益。

RT的优势在ControlDying Light 2中开始变得明显,与RTX 3090 Ti相比,在不使用DLSS的情况下,在1080p下的收益为42%。Far Cry 6Watch Dogs:Legion 是其他可以利用RTX 4090的光线追踪功能显示出可感知的好处的游戏。

也许收益最高的是Cyberpunk 2077Ghostwire。东京,它们大量使用了RT反射和阴影。赛博朋克2077与RTX 3090 Ti相比,在没有DLSS和RT质量设置为Ultra的4K Ultra条件下,RT性能有75%的巨大增长。然而,这些数字仍然低于60帧的甜蜜点。

Cyberpunk 2077Ghostwire中的1080p RT性能。东京与之前的安培旗舰相比,看到了明显的提升。

Metro Exodus - 1920x1080 Ultra Quality DXR AF:16x
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
135 (73.53min - 215.75max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
128.5 (64.07min - 193.95max) fps -5%
Average of class Desktop
  (62.8 - 163.7, n=19, last 2 years)
121.4 fps -10%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
116.1 (61.11min - 191.98max) fps -14%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (110 - 121.2, n=4)
114.8 fps -15%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090
  (68.6 - 122.2, n=12)
111.4 fps -17%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080
  (91.5 - 102, n=2)
96.8 fps -28%
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT
90.5 (55.53min - 126.79max) fps -33%
Average NVIDIA Titan RTX
  (69 - 95.5, n=23)
86.1 fps -36%
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT
85.5 (52.71min - 120.38max) fps -37%
Control - 1920x1080 High Quality Preset & High Ray Tracing Preset (DX12)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 4090 FE
Intel Core i9-13900K, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
185.1 (103.4min, 132.2P0.1, 140.8P1 - 316max) fps
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D, NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
130.8 (62.6min, 107.5P0.1, 113.8P1 - 168.3max) fps -29%
Average of class Desktop
  (59.3 - 185.1, n=12, last 2 years)
119.1 fps -36%
Average NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 Ti
  (111 - 120.6, n=3)
115.2 fps -38%